Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria cause the treatable infection tuberculosis (TB). TB typically occurs in the lungs but can affect any part of the body. Not everyone with TB becomes sick. Symptoms of the disease include cough, fatigue, weight loss, fever and night sweats.
TB has 2 stages—latent TB infection (LTBI) and active TB disease. Many people with LTBI never develop active TB disease. Others progress from LTBI to active TB disease—often due to a weakened immune system. Active TB disease can be life-threatening. Always screen patients for TB disease prior to starting on LTBI treatment. You can find our Tuberculosis Infection Screening Form here.
TB Disease (Active TB)
- May show symptoms.
- May feel ill.
- May be contagious.
- Have positive TB test results.
- If TB is in their lungs, will have abnormal chest x-rays.
- Requires treatment to be cured
TB Infection (Latent TB)
- Do not show symptoms.
- Do not feel ill.
- Not contagious.
- May have positive TB skin reaction and blood tests.
- Usually have normal chest x-ray.
- May develop active TB disease, if left untreated.
- Groups at higher risk of progression to TB disease include:
- Children under 5
- Persons living with HIV
- Persons living with uncontrolled diabetes
Report suspected cases immediately.
Call the reporting line (360) 728-2235 AND fax the Tuberculosis test results to the confidential fax (360) 813-1168.
Health Advisory: Tuberculosis Updates
- TB Laboratory Diagnostics Summary – Washington Department of Health.
- TB Screening
- TB Infection Screening Form – Kitsap Public Health.
- Adult TB Risk Assessment
- Pediatric TB Risk Assessment
- TB Symptom Screening
- TB Disease Risk Calculator
- Treating TB Disease
- Treating LTBI (always rule out active TB before treating LTBI)
- Window Prophylaxis
- Disease Reporting Requirements for TB – Washington State Department of Health.
- TB Project ECHO – Weekly clinical consults for TB and LTBI.
- TB Toolkit for Healthcare Providers—Washington State Department of Health.
- LTBI Treatment Quick Guide for Healthcare Providers—Washington State Department of Health.
- TB Discharge Treatment Plan – Washington State Department of Health.
- TB 101 for Healthcare Workers—CDC web-based training.
- TB Provider Education and Training – CDC.
- Tuberculosis Skin Test Record – Washington Department of Health.
- Tuberculosis Data and Statistics – CDC.