Providers WA

West Nile Virus

Background and Epidemiology WNV infection first became a public health problem in the United States in the late 1990s. WNV is a mosquito-borne flavivirus in the same family as yellow fever, dengue fever and St. Louis encephalitis. In rare situations, blood transfusion, organ transplant, transplacental, breastfeeding and percutaneous injury of laboratory workers can transmit the West Nile Virus

Pertussis Fact Sheet

To report a confirmed or suspect case of pertussis, call the reporting line. Overview Pertussis is common and very contagious. It is caused by Bordetella pertussis. The bacteria infect cilia in the upper respiratory tract. Early symptoms are mild, like the common cold. Patients often experience violent coughing fits (paroxysms). These can be followed by high-pitched Pertussis Fact Sheet

Meningococcal Disease Fact Sheet

Meningococcal disease is a sudden, severe illness caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. The disease manifests most commonly as meningitis and/or meningococcemia, but may also cause pneumonia, arthritis or pericarditis. The symptoms include sudden high fever, chills, severe headache, stiff neck and back, nausea, vomiting, purpural rash, decreased level of consciousness, difficulty breathing and seizures. Meningococcal Disease Fact Sheet

Perinatal Hepatitis B

Guidelines for Prenatal Care Screen every pregnant woman for HBsAg early in each pregnancy according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendations. HbsAg testing should be repeated late in pregnancy if the woman is HBsAg negative and is at high risk of hepatitis B infection (e.g., injection Perinatal Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Immunization and Healthcare Workers

Healthcare Worker Immunization Pre-exposure evaluation for healthcare personnel previously vaccinated with complete, ≥ three dose hepatitis B vaccine series who have not had post-vaccination serologic testing* Source: CDC—MMWR December 20, 2013. * Should be performed one to two months after the last dose of vaccine using a quantitative method that allows detection of the protective Hepatitis B Immunization and Healthcare Workers

Latent Tuberculosis Infection Treatment Guidelines

High-Priority Candidates for Latent Treatment Infection (LTBI) Treatment Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT) (>0.35 IU) Tuberculosis Skin Test (TST) ≥5 mm HIV-positive people. Recent contacts of person with infectious tuberculosis (TB). People with fibrotic changes on chest x-ray (CXR) suggestive of previous TB; or inadequate treatment. People with organ transplants or immunosuppression therapy. TST ≥10 mm Latent Tuberculosis Infection Treatment Guidelines

Infection Control Guidelines

Standard, Contact, Airborne and Droplet Precautions Standard Precaution When to Use Standard Precautions During all patient encounters—prevents the spread of bloodborne pathogens such as HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Reason to Use Standard Precautions Protects the healthcare worker from patient’s potentially contaminated body fluids and prevents the spread of disease to others. Components of Infection Control Guidelines

Controlling Norovirus

You may hear norovirus called “the stomach flu.” Some viral illnesses that cause vomiting and diarrhea are caused by norovirus. You can become infected with norovirus many times in your life. Norovirus Is very contagious. Norovirus can spread quickly in places like daycare centers, nursing homes, schools, restaurants and cruise ships. Causes diarrhea and vomiting, Controlling Norovirus

Tdap and Pregnancy

Pertussis is a serious disease for young infants. Pertussis epidemics occur in the United States every three to five years. Even though we have a vaccine, pertussis is a common infectious disease. There are 10,000 to 40,000 cases and 10 to 20 deaths per year.[1] Pertussis is most serious in infants younger than six months. Tdap and Pregnancy

Chlamydia Diagnosis Follow-up

Provider Checklist Patient treatment for chlamydia is not complete without partner treatment. After receiving a positive chlamydia result, check the following steps to help stop the spread of chlamydia and to protect your patient from reinfection: Provide patient education on essential points: Take medications as prescribed. Do not have sex for seven days after treatment, Chlamydia Diagnosis Follow-up