Herpes simplex is a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus serotypes HSV-1 and HSV-2. While herpes infection is sexually transmitted, it can also be acquired at birth or from oral herpes. Genital infection is lifelong with its effects ranging from no symptoms to recurring episodes of mild to painful genital ulcers. Antiviral medications can partially control the frequency and severity of the episodes, but there is no cure. Neonatal infection may be severe, involving the liver or brain, or mild, involving the skin, eyes, and mouth. Accurate risk assessment, education on safe sexual practices and, in some cases, regular screening, can reduce transmission. Refer to the CDC’s STI Treatment Guidelines for more information.
You must report neonatal and genital herpes simplex cases (initial infection only) within three business days.
To report, call the reporting line at 360-728-2235 or fax the STI case reporting form to 360-813-1168.